Stephens wins WTA title

first_imgWASHINGTON (AP): Sloane Stephens sat at a table for her postmatch news conference, eyed the big glass trophy sitting at arm’s length, and asked, “What happens to this?” Forgive the 22-year-old American for not knowing. She’s never been given championship hardware at a professional tournament before. Stephens earned a WTA title for the first time yesterday, overwhelming Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova of Russia 6-1, 6-2 in the final of the hard-court Citi Open. “Nothing was rushed. Nothing was given to me. I had to work for everything. It was just nice that all of the hard work and everything I’ve put into it – now I can say that I have a tournament title,” Stephens said. “Everything happens when it’s supposed to happen.” It was her first final as a pro. Entering this tune-up for the US Open, she owned a .685 career-winning percentage at Grand Slam tournaments, including getting to the second week in seven appearances, with a semi-final showing at the Australian Open and quarter-final run at Wimbledon, both in 2013. At her news conference, a reporter mentioned that Stephens has been considered the best women’s tennis player without a title for quite some time. “Now you’ll have somebody else to talk about,” Stephens replied. “I’m sure there’s someone else, so I will pass that torch on to whoever’s behind me.”last_img read more

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Super Sunday in EPL

first_imgMANCHESTER, England (AP):Amid the buzz about surprise leader Leicester and the stuttering challenges of Arsenal and Manchester City, another title contender in the English Premier League (EPL) has been working pretty much in the shadows.Not anymore.For the first time in a generation, Tottenham are real factors in the title race, and are showing the kind of form that could see the club rid itself of the underachievers tag that has followed it around for years.The team from north London has climbed into second place, ahead of neighbours Arsenal on goal difference, and five points behind Leicester, with 13 matches left. Not since 1985 have Spurs been this high in the standings this late in the season, as they look to capture a first League title since 1961.This weekend could be pivotal, with the top four facing off. Leicester are away to Arsenal, and Spurs are at fourth-place to City.City have won the last five home meetings with Tottenham, racking up 10 goals in the past two fixtures. There’s a feeling it could be different this time.There are positives all over the field for Mauricio Pochettino. His defence has conceded fewer goals than any other team this season; Eric Dier has been converted from a defender into a powerful holding midfielder; previously inconsistent attacking midfielders Erik Lamela, Christian Eriksen, and Mousa Dembele are delivering consistently effective performances; Dele Alli, in the No. 10 role, is arguably the hottest young prospect in English football; and striker Harry Kane is the third best scorer in the league.With just three losses, Tottenham could have too much energy for an aging, injury-hit City side that was blown away last weekend by Leicester – another team filled with hard-running players. City lost to Spurs 4-1 at White Hart Lane in September.A problem for Spurs could be fixture congestion, with the team set to resume its Europa League campaign next week – over two legs against Fiorentina in the last 32 – and was still in the FA Cup. Progress deep in those competitions, and Pochettino’s players could be burnt out before the end of the season.Leicester, meanwhile, just has the Premier League to focus on.MAN CITY’S INJURIESCity’s star-studded midfield is beset with injuries at just the wrong time.Star playmaker David Silva hurt his ankle against Leicester and joins an injury list that already includes attacking midfielders Kevin De Bruyne, Jes?s Navas, and Samir Nasri.Silva have had ongoing problems with his ankle, which must be a worry for City given the congested fixture schedule that includes a League Cup final against Liverpool and the Champion League last 16.PRESSURE ON LEICESTERNow the world has finally recognised Leicester as legitimate title contenders, the team has to deal with the pressure of expectation.Star striker Jamie Vardy doesn’t see it as a problem.”We’re just enjoying the ride,” Vardy said. “If you start thinking about it too much it’s going to affect you, it’s as simple as that. We’ll just continue to do exactly the same thing we’ve done all season.”One of the few things Leicester would change was its result against Arsenal in its first meeting this season. Arsenal won 5-2 at King Power Stadium, one of just two defeats for Leicester in this campaign.last_img read more

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All is not well at FC Reno

first_imgWestern Bureau:Following their narrow escape from relegation in the 2015-16 Red Stripe Premier League, FC Reno head coach Michael Graham fired some stinging criticism at the attitude of club officials, which he says is the reason for the former champions yearly struggle to maintain a presence in the nation’s top league.Graham told The Gleaner, after his team’s 2-1 to UWI FC on Sunday, that the plan to return to being a force in local football circles and to once again battle for the title must never begin with the coach or the players.”That conversation must begin with the club’s executive. That winning mentality must start with those at the top and filter down to the coaches and the players,” he said.Reno struggleFC Reno have been in a state of flux over the past five seasons, creating a situation where they are either relegated from the league or struggling to avoid the drop, something they have successfully managed twice in successive seasons.But for Graham and Wendell Downswell, the club’s technical director, not much will change come next season if matters having to do with the club’s well-being are not addressed in the boardroom.”How can a club survive when there are no serious plans on how to do so? This is the current state of affairs at FC Reno. If it weren’t for Mr Downswell and I, we would all be thinking about the lower leagues, if any, at the moment,” stated Graham.He said acquisition of gears boots and ball, among other needed pieces of equipment necessary for the club to carry out training and match-day necessities, are all being sourced by him and Downswell, noting that they receive no help from those who hold “positions” in the club.”Yet these are some of our fiercest critics when the team fails to win. The fact is, unless issues at the executive level are fixed, the club is doomed to failure,” Graham said.”This is a case in which it shows how a club should not be managed,” added Graham.FC Reno were the first club to win three Premier League titles, the last of which came in the 1995 season during a period of dominance. They also won titles in 1990 and again in 1991.The Westmoreland-based club are also winners of three national knockout titles, Winning the now named Flow Champions Cup in 2014. But since then, they have endured two seasons of utter chaos, resulting in near relegation.last_img read more

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Backward Metamorphosis of Corruption in Liberia: From Grotesque Public Enemy to Wicked Vampire

first_imgFebruary 1, 2015Simply Thinking ThoughtsIn my thinking thoughts last night I reflected on President Sirleaf’s Annual Message, especially the assertion that corruption had become a blood sucking vampire in Liberia. The assertion caused me to reminisce; when the President first assumed leadership, she declared “Corruption” as enemy number one; 10 years later instead of eliminating this enemy, corruption has metamorphosed into a supernatural vampire that sucks blood.Construct of VampireFor those of you who were around back in the day, there were several episodes of a movie at Roxy and Gabriel Cinemas entitled “Dracula.” Dracula was half human, half bat and had two protruding canine incisor teeth that he used to suck blood from his victims. Surprisingly, as soon as Dracula sucked a victim’s blood, that person suddenly metamorphosed into another Dracula more vicious and ready to suck the blood of other victims. After sucking blood, Dracula would falsely take on human features simply to lure other victims to their destruction. Truly, Dracula was a vicious, wicked blood thirsty vampire. Construct of MetamorphosisI actually understood the process of metamorphosis under Mrs. Esther Kpor, my 10th grade Biology teacher at Tubman High School. Metamorphosis, according to Ma Kpor, was generally a change from something ugly to something beautiful.It begins with a very ugly, grotesque caterpillar with all kinds of itches on it. The itchy ugly caterpillar later covers itself with films and fluids apparently intended to mold, smoothen, nurture, protect and transform itself into a cocoon. After some time, the ugly, grotesque, itchy caterpillar further transforms into a beautiful butterfly that flutters away with exceptional exuberance, as if emancipated from a spell cast by a wicked witch that was finally removed by a gentle fairy godmother. Behold, King Solomon in all his splendor was not as donned and regaled as the butterfly, neither would his chief architect Haram Abeef of Tyre be able to decipher the architecture of the intricate cocoon.Backwards MetamorphosisUnfortunately, metamorphosis in Liberian terms has taken on a kind of peculiar backwards construct; from instead of a beautiful butterfly, to an ugly, grotesque, itchy caterpillar; or from public enemy to wicked vampire.Now, one thing I admire about this President is how she usually does not sugarcoat. When education under her leadership spiraled downwards, she declared it a “mess”; now that she has realized that the whole country, that both government and public sectors are corrupt, she has declared it a bloody blood sucking vampire. Seldom would a leader criticize his/her own government.How Corruption the Vampire Destroys Before I begin receiving writs of summon, let me hastily submit that all of the following ways blood thirsty corrupt vampires are sucking the blood of our economy are all allegations. Firstly, there are government officials who take expensive vacation trips under the guise of official business, while some of them place their girlfriends and relatives in positions for which they hold no qualifications, and award them fabulous salaries. Secondly, some government officials and law makers change the license plates of GOL vehicles and take ownership, while businesses deliberately remove price tags from shelves and bribe commerce inspectors to be silent; these are all corruption.Further, allegations from the University of Liberia is that when students take the entrance exam, they must bribe US$150 to pass, while there are people who sit the WAEC for other people; teachers and civil servants fake credentials and divert GOL funds, while students pay sex and money for grades; witnesses lie in court, while jurors are bribed to award judgment; some married men have deputy wives for finance, operations and administration, while young girls conjure more than one godfather for the rent; procurement procedures and bidding processes are stink with bribery, while police compromise traffic violation penalties with bribes from taxi drivers. It was alleged that a lawmaker, Representative Forh, confessed to a recording of his voice saying, “you eat some I eat some” County Development Fund money; it is alleged that Speaker Alex Tyler was involved in a corrupt deal with a contractor and his fellow lawmakers were questioning his authority toreside over plenary, while his deputy was placed under pressure to submit expenditure reports of a huge sum of GOL oil money. If all of these allegations are proven, it is stinky corruption; and all of the culprits are the band of vampires who are sucking the blood of the economy.Rendezvous with Corruption the Vampire Now, in the vampire movie, Dracula the blood sucking vampire was not the protagonist, but rather the antagonist or the “main bad man.” In the movie, neither guns nor bombs could stop Dracula; hence ridding him of the community was a near dilemma, as he continued to suck blood and kill.Luckily, a way to stop Dracula the Vampire was finally discovered, by driving a 3-foot wedge into the middle of his breast and piercing him so badly that he too bleeds and disintegrates from his supernatural evil body. Those who concur that corruption is a vampire must therefore set up a rendezvous bout with vampires at their locations. As President Sirleaf takes the lead, each Liberian must therefore take up arms of 3-foot wedges and drive them in the middle of the breasts of vampires in their ministries, agencies and business places. But mind you, to drive your wedges, you must have willpower, and blind your eyes to relationships, favoritism, cronyism, and nepotism.A Charge to Keep, a Corruption to FightWhen the President took over, she had vowed to meet corruption head-on as enemy. Probably she had thought over the years that the country would have transformed from a corrupt system to a more stable transparent system where accountability would be commonplace. To the President’s surprise, the country plummeted down an abyss of corrupt schemes, shenanigans and chicaneries. And so instead of transforming her country into a beautiful butterfly, it metamorphosed backwards into an ugly wicked Vampire. Howbeit, the President has a charge to keep, and a band of alleged corrupt vampires to wrestle and evict; an ever dying embattled economy to save and fix to the sky, to “Cement her Legacy”; that charge she must keep; fight corruption tooth and nails with all her mind, body, and soul. With all hands on deck, we will certainly help her win. Will you join the President in the fight against corruption? Please do so, fellow compatriots.I am simply thinking thoughts.About the authorThe Rivercess Village man, Moses Blonkanjay Jackson is a triple Ivy League product, and a Jesuit protégé; Mr. Jackson is a Yale University Mathematics Curriculum Fellow, and a University of Pennsylvania Physics Curriculum Fellow. Mr. Jackson holds a Master of Education degree from Harvard University and a Master of Education with Secondary Mathematics concentration from Saint Joseph’s University. Blonkanjay Jackson is a candidate for the Doctor of Education (EdD). He is presently serving as Assistant Minister for Teacher Education. Blonkanjay can be contacted at 0886 681 315 or 0770 206 645; email: Blonkanjayjackson@gmail.com Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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Black Sox come out swinging, hammer Rycroft

first_imgFirst pitch between the Sox and Brewers in Grande Prairie is slated for 1 p.m., with the second game set for 4 p.m. Andrew McNeil went the distance in the win, and player/coach Ryan Stickel was very pleased with how everything game together for the club.“It was great to see, everyone came out hitting and [we] got great pitching from Andrew McNeil, it was really positive to see after last weekend it Rycroft, it was good to come back and give a little back to them.” Stickel says.The Sox did a great job with not swinging at balls out of the zone and cashing in runners who were in scoring position. Stickel says that was a huge part in the team’s win last night.- Advertisement -“It just seemed that guys were seeing the ball really well today, and staying patient and waiting for balls they could drive,” Stickel describes. “We’ve had some problems with guys swinging out of the strike zone, but they really picked up on that, and I think that was a main part, making the pitcher fight for a strike. Plate vision was really key today.”Stickel is hopeful that the team will be able to carry the momentum from last night’s win into tomorrow’s double header in Grande Prairie. “I think this is going to be big. Everyone on the bench was nice and positive. I just wanna make sure everybody keeps this feeling in mind for Saturday. That’s one nice thing about a Thursday game, Saturday comes pretty quick.” Stickel explains.Advertisementlast_img read more

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Amazing stats you won’t believe from this week’s Premier League games

first_img 8. Arsenal goalkeeper Petr Cech has kept 170 clean sheets since arriving in England, the most in Premier League history. Click the right arrow for more stats… 9. With victory over Bournemouth, Arsene Wenger became the second manager, behind Sir Alex Ferguson, to beat 44 different opponents in the Premier League. 9 3. No Manchester United player scored more than the eight goals Juan Mata did in 2015 but the Spaniard has now gone 965 minutes without scoring or assisting for the Red Devils. 5. Andy Carroll has scored two goals in the Premier League this season. Both were headers in the 79th minute. 9 1. Chelsea’s draw with Manchester United saw John Terry earn ‘his’ 1000th point in the Premier League. Only Ryan Giggs, Frank Lampard and Paul Scholes have garnered more. 9 6. Eden Hazard hasn’t scored either a goal or made an assist in any of his last 11 Premier League appearances. 7. One positive for Manchester United is that they have kept 10 clean sheets this season, more than any other side. 9 9 Another busy day of Premier League action had the statisticians working overtime on December 28.Numbers were crunched, facts were checked, and figures were found using flummoxing formulas.Here at talkSPORT we love a stat so picked out some of the best numbers and nuggets of information from an exciting afternoon of English football.Click the right above above to see the best stats from December 28… 9 9 9 2. Since August 2004, only seven players have created in a single Premier League game more than the nine chances Mesut Ozil crafted for Arsenal against Bournemouth. 4. Guus Hiddink has already dropped four points since he took charge of Chelsea, one fewer than in his 13 Premier League games in charge back in 2009. 9last_img read more

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Winner of the Premium Tickets to the Donegal match is……..

first_imgCOMPETITION: The winner of the two premium tickets to see Donegal face off with Dublin on Saturday is……… Charlie McGarvey. Our fabulous competition in conjunction with Specsavers was an incredible success, and we received hundreds of e-mails, likes and shares on the competition.Thanks to all participated in the competition, and well done to Charlie McGarvey who was selected at random. Contact markforker88@gmail.com to claim your prize.The correct answer was: Hawkeye was introduced to the GAA in 2013, so well done to all of you who got it right.For those of you still looking for tickets, Kelly’s Centra, Mountain Top are giving away TWO free tickets for any customers who visit their store today! #tirchonaillabú Winner of the Premium Tickets to the Donegal match is…….. was last modified: August 4th, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:competitionCroke ParknewsPremiumSportticketslast_img read more

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Manchester United boss Mourinho ‘expecting one more signing’ in summer window

first_img CEO Ed Woodward is reluctant to overspend Mourinho is not happy with the lack of business being done at United this summer Jose Mourinho is expecting one more signing at Manchester United this summer and insists there is ‘no drama’ at the club despite reports of a rift with CEO Ed Woodward over transfers.Mourinho previously claimed he wants two more arrivals to add to his squad but is now resigned to a solitary addition. moving on LATEST LIVING THE DREAM He said: “I am confident I get one, but I think two I am not going to get which is not a drama.“I think in every pre-season it happens basically the same and probably with every club, which is the manager wants more.“It’s our nature, it’s our way of being, you always want more for your team.“By then club decisions are different and normally you don’t get what you want, which happened basically during all my career. So, if I get one player until the end of the market, that’s fine.” Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ United have struggled in pre-season without many of their established stars RANKED LATEST TRANSFER NEWS Chelsea confident of beating Man United and Liverpool to Sancho signing United have been linked with a £75m move for Leicester City’s Harry Maguire after the England centre-back’s impressive World Cup.But with any incomings still no closer to completion, the club have endured a miserable pre-season tour of the US.After draws with Club America, San Jose Earthquakes and AC Milan in front of paltry crowds awaiting the return of big stars, United were thrashed 4-1 by rivals Liverpool in Michigan.They face Real Madrid in Miami on Tuesday night and Bayern Munich at the Allianz Arena before their Premier League season begins on August 10 against Leicester. Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti 4 REVEALED 4 The biggest market value losers in 2019, including Bale and ex-Liverpool star So far United fans have seen the club bring in Fred for £53million from Shakhtar Donetsk, 19-year-old right-back Diogo Dalot and veteran back-up keeper Lee Grant.With more than £70m spent on those players, Woodward is said to have put the brakes on any further incomings.That includes long-term target Sergej Milinkovic-Savic, who would likely cost more than £100m to sign from Lazio.And Mourinho, who complained at a lack of transfer activity as he waits for 12 players to return from extended summer breaks, now accepts he will only be able to get one more target in. Where every Premier League club needs to strengthen in January Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade targets Kevin De Bruyne ‘loves Man City and wants to keep winning’, reveals father United target Harry Maguire has reportedly been offered a new deal by Leicester to prevent any potential sale Cavani ‘agrees’ to join new club and will complete free transfer next summer three-way race TOP WORK Liverpool’s signings under Michael Edwards – will Minamino be the next big hit? Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland 4 IN DEMAND targets 4last_img read more

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Wenger tipped to team up with former Arsenal chief at AC Milan

first_imgFormer Arsenal boss Arsene Wenger is being linked with a shock return to management with AC Milan.Wenger, 68, has been out of work since leaving the Emirates at the end of last season. 2 Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? targets Wenger and Gazidis embrace after Arsenal’s FA Cup triumph in 2017 2 What every Premier League club’s fans dream of this Christmas BIG PRESENTS UP TOP Ian Holloway thinks Arsenal have made a mistake in hiring Mikel Arteta REVEALED Wenger insists he’s ready to return to management Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won LATEST center_img REVEALED Gazidis and Wenger had a strong working relationship in the nine years they worked together.Arsene Wenger rules himself out of Real Madrid job Latest Arsenal FC News appointed Where every Premier League club needs to strengthen in January And although he recently said he plans to return to work in 2019, Wenger could be getting fast-tracked to the San Siro this month.It’s not clear whether current Milan boss Gennaro Gattuso will be relieved of his duties as the club have won their last three games.However, according to France Football, the former midfielder is under pressure after his summer splurge of £150million has not produced the results the Milan hierarchy were hoping for.And former Arsenal chief Ivan Gazidis – who left his position as CEO in September – has taken a similar role at Milan. gameday cracker rookie error Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ Boxing Day fixtures: All nine Premier League games live on talkSPORT Steve Round reveals how Mikel Arteta convinced him to join Arsenal stafflast_img read more

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Japan hails South African space tech successes

first_imgThe infrared survey facility (IRSF) became operational in November 2000, and since then has played a key role in the advancement of our space knowledge.(Image: Tetsuya Nagata, Nagoya University) The Large Magellanic Cloud is a nearby irregular dwarf galaxy that was the subject of the IRSF’s first research mission.(Image: Wikipedia) An aerial view of the site, with the Southern African Large Telescope (Salt) on the left and the IRSF on the far right.(Image: Tetsuya Nagata, Nagoya University) The Salt is the largest such instrument in the entire southern hemisphere.(Image: Flickr)  MEDIA CONTACTS • Anacletta Koloko  Science communication unit, South  African Agency for Science and  Technology Advancement  +27 12 392 9338 RELATED ARTICLES • Eye in the sky benefits society • Space science thriving in SA • SA’s space capabilities set to grow • SKA: who gets whatJanine Erasmus Scientists from Japan, South Africa and other African countries came together in early October at the Space Science Colloquium to share the latest developments in the fields of astronomy, space science and satellite applications. The event was co-hosted by the national Department of Science and Technology, with the Japanese Embassy in South Africa. Dr Takahiro Nagayama of Nagoya University filled attendees in on the infrared survey facility (IRSF), a joint Japan-South Africa project located in Sutherland, Northern Cape province, at an altitude of 1 761 metres. Nagayama is the manager of the facility and has been involved with it since its inception in 1998. The IRSF is situated on the same site as the Southern African Large Telescope (Salt) – the largest optical telescope in the southern hemisphere – and a number of other instruments including the Alan Cousins telescope, the Elizabeth telescope, and the Korean Yonsei telescope. This makes the site one of the best places in the world to conduct advanced astronomy, according to Nagayama. The IRSF is a 1.4m telescope with an infrared (IR) camera. It was developed by scientists at Nagoya, with the help of the South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO) and the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. It’s Japan’s first southern hemisphere IR telescope. The country decided on South Africa as a host for several reasons. “We knew we had to build a telescope in the southern hemisphere, because there are many important celestial objects that are only visible in the southern sky,” explained Nagayama. South Africa was chosen from an initial group of three candidates, with Chile and Australia. It was selected as the best of the three because it had excellent weather as well as an extremely competent astronomical community, and there was no language barrier, as there was in South America. “The South African people are also very friendly and good to work with. South Africa was the best site for us at that time, and I believe it still is now.” Japan entered into the agreement with the SAAO in 1998 and soon afterwards, the project received a grant from the Japanese ministry of science and technology, to the tune of some US$7-million. “The SAAO has provided the infrastructure, including power, water, internet, and the site itself,” said Nagayama. “The local astronomical community built the dome and building.” Nagoya provided the telescope and near-IR camera known as Sirius, which was developed by graduate students. “You won’t find any big names – Sony, Nikon – in this project,” said Nagayama.Surveying our skies Initially, the main function of IRSF was to conduct a thorough study of the Small and Large Magellanic Clouds – small irregular galaxies that lie close to the Milky Way – using a tri-wavelength observation technique.The Magellanic Cloud survey was completed in 2007 and then the Indian Department of Space used the telescope to survey the central region of the Milky Way. There are other research projects ongoing. The presence of the IRSF in South Africa has brought the world’s best astronomers to the country and helped to develop its scientific talent. In the 12 years since the telescope came into operation, 142 observers, of whom 81 were Japanese and 61 foreign, have visited from 31 institutes – 13 from Japan, six from South Africa and 12 from other countries including Korea, the UK and US. Also, studies have resulted in 87 refereed papers, 11 of them with South Africans as the first author. Finally, 19 PhDs have been awarded for research carried out at IRSF, to 16 Japanese scholars and three from the University of Cape Town. “We hope the collaboration will continue,” said Nagayama. “The IRSF is so far the most successful science collaboration between South Africa and Japan.”Uncovering the secrets of the universe Nagayama explained the reasons for choosing to work in infrared instead of visible light. “Astronomers are interested in concepts such as the possibility of a second earth beyond our solar system, dark energy, black holes, and the dawn and end of the universe,” he said. “Traditionally we have observed these things with visible light, but today we can use the whole electromagnetic spectrum, from gamma rays to radio.” Probably the most well-known example of this technology, he said, is the Hubble telescope, which has a 2.4m primary mirror and captures images in the near-ultraviolet to near-infrared bands. The Hubble is in a low earth orbit and because it is not subjected to atmospheric turbulence, said Nagayama, its images are sharp. However, when taking images of objects that are very far away, visible light does not produce the best pictures. Interstellar dust results in a phenomenon known as scattering of visible light, and the picture that is finally received is degraded, but this doesn’t affect IR as much. “Also, visible light can’t penetrate the interstellar dust to see into and behind the Milky Way, but IR can,” said Nagayama. “The centre of our galaxy is hidden to visible light, but we can see it clearly in IR because the dust is invisible at these wavelengths.” Sirius can take simultaneous images in three different bands – wavelengths of 1.2µ (micron), 1.6µ and 2.1µ respectively – because of its special mirrors. The optics are cooled by a closed-cycle refrigerator to about 100 kelvin, or -173 degrees Celsius. “We can also create a false-colour composite image by colouring the three bands blue, green and red respectively.”Complementing each other Nagayama described another major Japanese astronomical project, the Subaru telescope, which is an 8.4m single mirror telescope built on the summit of the volcanic Mount Mauna Kea in Hawaii. “Although Subaru has a bigger mirror than Hubble and takes good pictures, Hubble is better because it is in space,” said Nagayama. Other Japanese large projects include the Akari (IR), Suzaku (x-ray) and the Alma radio telescope, while South Africa has the Salt, whose aperture is larger than Subaru, and the KAT-7, MeerKAT and Square Kilometre Array, all of which are projects involving radio telescopes. Altogether, said Nagayama, this means that the Japanese and South African projects have an observation range from gamma or y-ray, through x-ray, UV, visible light, IR, and radio. “These projects complement each other,” he said, “meaning that the coverage between Japan and South Africa is effective across the full spectrum of electromagnetic waves.”last_img read more

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