Thunderstorms: a must to avoid

first_imgTalk to professional pilots and aircraft accident investigators and here’s what they’ll tell you about thunderstorms: avoid them. Don’t try to outclimb them in an attempt to overfly bad weather. Don’t attempt to ‘shoot the gap’ between thunderstorm cells. Give convective, tempestuous thunderstorms wide, wide berth. Respect the fact that they can ruin your day.AirlineRatings.com took a look at some of the more notable thunderstorm–related crashes. We excluded wind shear accidents that occurred close to the ground, on takeoff and landing, focusing on encounters during climb or at cruise altitude. Despite the fact specific Probable Causes may differ, a common thread runs through the record: pilots should never come perilously close to, or actually penetrate, thunderstorm cells.   Suggested Read: Freak thunderstorms set to riseThe record: Air France 447It’s tempting to place the June 1, 2009 crash of Air France Flight 447 in this category. But we won’t. Even though the A330’s route over the mid-Atlantic, off the coast of Brazil, put its flight path near a broad band of thunderstorms, the French air accident investigatory agency, the BEA, said the crash was not due weather, but a deep aerodynamic stall. All 228 on board died on the Rio de Janeiro to Paris flight.The accident remains one of the most controversial in history. But it doesn’t exactly fit the classic mold of thunderstorm encounters. Others do.Southern Airways 242The DC-9, on a short hop from Huntsville, Alabama to Atlanta, attempted to shoot the gap ‘twixt two thunderstorm cells April 4, 1977. Approaching a line of storms at 17,000 feet the pilot looks down at his black & white Bendix X-band radar. “Looks heavy,” he says. Nothing’s going through that.” Then, something catches his eye. “See that?” he asks the first officer (co-pilot). “That’s a hole isn’t it?” responds the first officer.“It’s not showing a hole, see it?”Shortly thereafter the first officer asks the captain, “Which way do we go across, or go out? I don’t know how we get through there.”The pilot responds, “I know you’re just going to have to go out and [do it].”“Yeah, right across that band,” answers the first officer.A pair of thunderstorm cells flank the gap that Southern 242 attempts to squeeze through. The one to the north tops out at 46,000 feet; the one to the south forms an anvil-like plateau 5,000 feet higher.As the first officer, who was doing the actual flying, banks to the left he says, “All right, here we go.” In an instant Flight 242 enters a liquid hell with baseball-sized hail crashing against the fuselage.Both Pratt & Whitney JT8-Ds literally suffocate. The compressor blades of the powerplants stall, killing the engines. The DC-9 is suddenly a glider.The crew makes an heroic, but futile, attempt to land on a small rural road. It fails. 72 die, including nine on the ground. Twenty-two originally survive.In its Probable Cause finding the United States National Transportation Safety Board said the crash resulted from “the total and unique loss of thrust from both engines while the aircraft was penetrating an area of severe thunderstorms.” A dissenting NTSB member said the accident was caused by “the captain’s decision to penetrate rather than avoid an are of severe weather.” The dissenting member also blamed the crash on “the reliance upon airborne weather radar for penetration rather than avoidance of the storm system.”Braniff International Airways 352If one captain decided to penetrate a thunderstorm system, nine years earlier another opted, too late as it tuned out, to do a 180-degree turn and try to escape.Flight 352, a four-engine Electra propjet, is making the short hop from Houston to Dallas May 3, 1968, prime thunderstorm season in Texas. While at 20,000 feet the crew asks Air Traffic Control for permission to descend to 15,000 feet and deviate to the west. ATC responds by saying other flights are avoiding the weather by circumnavigating it to the east. The crew responds, “On our [radar] scope here it looks like…a little bit to the west would do us real fine.” Controllers okay a descent to 14,000 feet. Then Flight 352 asks ATC for permission to descend to 5,000 feet, and inquires if there is any hail in the area. Air Traffic Control answers, “No, you’re the closest one that’s ever come close to it yet…I haven’t been able…well I haven’t tried to get anybody to go through it, they’ve all deviated around to the east.”Minutes later Braniff 352 runs into that hail and requests a 180-degree turn. ATC okays the exit. The Electra never makes it out, breaking up in mid-air. 85 dead.The U.S. National Transportation Safety Board’s Probable Cause finding?: “The stressing of the aircraft structure beyond its ultimate strength during an attempted recovery from an unusual attitude induced by turbulence associated with a thunderstorm. The operation in the turbulence resulted from a decision to penetrate an area of known weather.”In the wake of 352, NTSB recommended airlines emphasize weather radar be used to avoid, not penetrate, thunderstorms.It’s a refrain that still rings true today.Northwest Airlines Flight 705 Thunderstorms aren’t unusual over the Everglades of the U.S. state of Florida, even in February. On climbout from Miami International en route to Chicago on February 12, 1963, Northwest Flight 705, a Boeing 720, requests Air traffic controllers allow it to climb to a higher altitude to avoid storms in the area. 705’s crew then tells ATC, “We’re in the clear now. We can see it out ahead…Looks pretty bad.”Controllers clear 705 to climb. ATC and the crew talked about moderate to heavy turbulence. Then, Flight 705 radios controllers, “You better run the rest of [the departing flights] off the other way.”The 720 climbs fast and furious, as much as 9,000 feet per minute. Then, it starts to fall. Somewhere below 10,000 feet the aircraft comes apart. 43 people perish.Investigators found the Probable Cause of the crash to be up and downdrafts, the kind associated with thunderstorms. Those gyrations led to the in-flight breakup of the 720.While thunderstorms per se usually can’t pull an airplane apart, “turbulence [associated with the storms can] cause an aircraft to exceed its structural limits and literally rip of the wings,” said retired Major General Timothy Peppe, Chief of Safety and Commander of the United States Air Force Safety Center in a presentation for the U.S. National Weather Association. This is what happened to Northwest Flight 705.That’s why the experts continue to counsel avoidance. Not penetration, not attempts to overfly or slip between cells.New tools for safer flightsIn an effort to equip pilots with the latest tools to meet the thunderstorm avoidance challenge the U.S. avionics company Rockwell Collins unveiled its new MultiScan ThreatTrack™ weather radar in 2014.Contending it “provides unprecedented atmospheric threat assessment capabilities for transport aircraft,” the system goes beyond predicting hail and lightening within a thunderstorm cell. It actually alerts pilots about treats “adjacent to the cell.” Should the cells be growing ahead and below the aircraft, ThreatTrack Predictive Overflight™ protection alerts pilots if the cells will be in their airplane’s flight path.Then there’s turbulence detection. The system breaks turbulence into two categories: severe and “ride-quality.”When’s the system coming to a carrier you? American Airlines is debuting the new radar on its Next-Generation Boeing 737 fleet. A number of other carriers have opted for the new device for some of their aircraft. Among them are AirAsia, Silk Air, China Eastern, EVA Air, VivaAerobus, Air Algerie and Lion Air.The new radar holds the promise of “helping pilots better navigate disruptive weather threats,” as wells a “smoother flights,” contends Steve Timm, Rockwell Collins vice president and general manager for Air Transport Systems.New detection gear is great, as long as pilots use it to absolutely avoid thunderstorms, not penetrate or skirt them too closely. Good detection tools are never a substitute for good decision-making. If there’s one lesson the accident record teaches unambiguously it’s that.last_img read more

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Last-Minute Gift Ideas: Tablets For Kids

first_imgOne of the biggest questions tech-savvy parents must contend with when it comes to tablets for their kids is this: do I really want to give my precious wee one a really expensive piece metal and glass?Tech blogger Shelly Palmer asked the same question this holiday season and came up with five good tablet options for kids.Palmer’s picks are pretty good, touching on safe and educational options for younger and older kids alike. I like the fact that he threw out an Android- and an iOS-based device, though I’m not sure that I would have picked a Kindle Fire.Unless you want to (a) give your child quicker access to a lot of content that will (b) suck your bank account dry, I’d suggest a Nexus tablet instead. You can still get multimedia content if you want it, but from more sources then just Amazon’s web store.I loved Palmer’s kid-only choices, but you may want to weigh your own budget needs before getting one of these highly specific devices. As counter-intuitive as it may seem, if you’re trying to cut costs for the long term, you may want to buy an Android/iOS device first, rather than a kid device for $99-$199 that they’ll outgrow very quickly and you’ll have to get a new tablet for anyway.But if you have a string of little kids in your creche, I would definitely opt for a kid-specific tablet that can be shared and passed along so it will get more than just a year or two of use if you’re lucky.Time’s running out, so you’ll have to move quick to get a tablet under a holiday tree. But whatever you decide to buy, be sure it exceeds the level of your child’s abilities so they’ll grow into using the tablet over time, instead of outgrowing it next week. 12 Unique Gifts for the Hard-to-Shop-for People… brian proffitt 9 Books That Make Perfect Gifts for Industry Ex… 5 Outdoor Activities for Beating Office Burnoutcenter_img Tags:#tablet 4 Keys to a Kid-Safe App Related Posts last_img read more

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Policeman killed, another injured in militant attack in Anantnag

first_imgOne policeman was killed and another injured in a militant attack in South Kashmir’s Anantnag on Tuesday afternoon.“Militants fired upon a police vehicle in Anantnag’s Bijbehara. The police retaliated the fire. One injured policeman succumbed to injuries in the hospital and another is undergoing a treatment,” said a police spokesman.Deceased policeman was identified as Bilal Ahmed. The injured policeman was identified as Abdul Rashid. The security forces later cordoned off the area and started a combing operation to nab the attackers.BSF jawan killed in JammuIn Jammu, a Border Security Force (BSF) jawan was killed as Pakistani troops opened fire on the International Border (IB) in Samba Sector.”Pakistan rangers violated ceasefire agreement at 1:30 a.m. and resorted to unprovoked firing at the BSF positions. The exchange of fire was on for three hours,” said an official.Deceased BSF constable was identified as Devinder Singh. “Singh suffered injuries in the firing and later succumbed,” the official added.Meanwhile, Inspector General Frontier, BSF, Srinagar, Abhinav Kumar met Governor N.N. Vohra and briefed him about the BSF’s operations in Kashmir and “about the likely pattern of the emerging security scenario”.last_img read more

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Pharrel William’s fans are not Happy

first_imgNot all Pharrell Williams fans are happy right now.The41-year-old singer has issued an apology for the backlash he hasreceived for sporting an American Indian headdres on the cover of theJuly issue of Elle UK.”I respect and honor every kind of race, background and culture. I am genuinely sorry,” a rep for the star issued in a statement to the Daily News.Twitter users expressed just how not pleased they were by using the hashtag “#nothappy” along with their opinions on Williams’ controversial choice.Pharrell Williams appears onstage the 56th annual Grammy Awards wearing much more fan-approved headwear. Matt Sayles/Matt Sayles/Invision/APPharrell Williams appears onstage the 56th annual Grammy Awards wearing much more fan-approved headwear.EnlargePharrell Williams wore the hat that makes fans ‘Happy’ to the 35th anniversary gala celebration at The Geffen Contemporary at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles. Jason LaVeris/FilmMagicPharrell Williams wore the hat that makes fans ‘Happy’ to the 35th anniversary gala celebration at The Geffen Contemporary at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles.Enlarge”Pharell…why?! #NotHappy with @ELLEmagazine for the appropriation of this headdress,” one angered user wrote.Ironically, the “Happy” singer did make note of his Native American ancestry in a 2010 interview with The Oprah Magazine.last_img read more

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Everything you need to know about #NTL2016

first_imgNeed to find out information about the 2016 National Touch League? Everything you need to know is here: 2016 National Touch LeagueDrawLive streamingNTL TV AnnouncementWhat we are looking forward toKeep up-to-date with all of the latest news, information and results from the 2016 National Touch League:Website – www.touchfootball.com.au and www.ntl.mytouchfooty.comFacebook – www.facebook.com/touchfootballaustraliaTwitter – www.twitter.com/touchfootyaus (#NTL2016)Instagram – www.instagram.com/touchfootballaustralia (#NTL2016)YouTube – www.youtube.com/touchfootballausRelated LinksEverything you need!last_img read more

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Health Canada concerned by cannabis companies sponsoring music events

first_imgHealth Canada said Friday it’s prepared to crack down on licensed medical marijuana producers who are sponsoring music festivals and other events.The federal department said it’s “concerned” about some companies that have engaged in corporate sponsorships and other promotional activities that go against the Cannabis Act.It said the government has made it “abundantly clear” what isn’t permitted under the laws, such as marketing to minors.Health Canada issued a statement noting that cannabis companies have been dabbling in various forms of marketing that raise red flags, although it highlighted music festivals as a particular point of concern.Tweed, a brand owned by Canopy Growth Corp., is among the companies that have been sponsoring events, including the Field Trip music festival and Pride Toronto this summer.The company’s spokeswoman, Caitlin O’Hara, wrote in an emailed statement that Canopy is focused on education and responsible use of its product.“We have reviewed all activities with counsel to ensure compliance and continue to work collaboratively with regulators in support of this shared objective,” she said.Aurora Cannabis is another producer has taken a prominent sponsorship role at various Canadian events, including the North By Northeast music festival in June. Representatives for the company declined to comment on Friday.Eileen McMahon, a partner at Torys LLP who leads the drug and regulatory practice, said Health Canada’s warning doesn’t come as much of a surprise, since the cannabis market is experimenting ahead of legalization on Oct. 17.She said many companies are attempting to get their brand names into public consciousness before they expect regulations to be enforced.“This is an opportunity where companies say, ‘What is legal and illegal under current law? What is grey and in the grey area? And can we play there in a way that’s defensible?’” she said.“Some companies will take some risks … others won’t. I think you see that activity taking place and the government’s reaction.”While Health Canada didn’t directly acknowledge companies it deemed offenders, it said the actions have underscored a need for “rigorous enforcement” of the laws.“The department is reviewing the actions of existing licensed producers and will be taking every possible step to bring them into compliance or prevent non-compliance with existing laws,” it said.“Those who do not adhere to the applicable prohibitions will face serious consequences, which may include, if appropriate, suspension of their licence.”Follow @dfriend on Twitter.last_img read more

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Akhilesh Yadav meets Mayawati after Priyanka meets Bhim Army chief

first_imgLucknow: The chiefs of Uttar Pradesh alliance partners SP and BSP met here on Wednesday hours after Congress leader Priyanka Gandhi paid a surprise visit to Bhim Army chief Chandrashekhar Azad at a Meerut hospital.SP president Akhilesh Yadav met BSP chief Mayawati after newly appointed Congress general secretaries Priyanka Gandhi and Jyotiraditya Scindia met Azad. When contacted, Samajwadi Party spokesperson Rajendra Chaudhary said the two leaders met to discuss joint public meetings and rallies, being planned for the Lok Sabha polls. Meetings are being held constantly as the election is round the corner and the poll campaign has to be launched full scale after Holi next week, he said. The alliance has left two seats for the Congress in the state and will honestly support it on them, said Chaudhary. Meanwhile, a senior SP leader, who did not wish to be named, claimed Priyanka Gandhi’s visit to the Bhim Army chief was in reaction to the BSP president ruling out any alliance with the Congress. “But Mayawati is not someone who will yield to any kind of pressure. This alliance will not come under pressure. It has already given two seats to the Congress,” he added. Mayawati had Tuesday snubbed the Congress by slamming doors on it for any electoral alliance for the Lok Sabha polls anywhere in the country.last_img read more

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Review Juventus – Real Madrid

first_imgReal Madrid won 3-0 at Juventus, but that’s not the main news from this match, believe or not. Go see Cristiano Ronaldo’s second goal of the match and you’ll understand what I’m talking about.Massimiliano Allegri had to make a couple of tweaks to his starting lineup. Pjanic and Benatia were unavailable due to accumulation of yellow cards. Barzagli started in place of Benatia and Bentancur replaced Pjanic. Both Alex Sandro and Kwadwo Asamoah were on the pitch from minute one, as Allegri decided to go with a bit more careful approach. Dybala was in the starting eleven as well, while Mandzukic and Matuidi were on the bench. Zidane went classic, putting his best team (the one that has won this competition in the past two seasons) on the field. Carvajal, Varane, Ramos, Marcelo, Casemiro, Modric, Kroos, Isco, Ronaldo and Benzema with Navas on goal.It took three minutes for Real Madrid to take the lead. Marcelo made a terrific pass to Isco, fooling two defenders. Isco started moving towards the box and saw Ronaldo coming. He sent a low pass and the Portuguese master marksman flicked the ball in for the 1-0 lead. There couldn’t have been a worse start for Juventus, who were on the receiving end of an early goal this time around, after doing the same to Tottenham in the previous round. It was Ronaldo’s 13th Champions League goal this season. Higuain almost scored in the 23rd minute after a free kick landed on his foot. Navas used his reflexes to deflect the shot and prevent the equalizer.Bentancur received the first yellow card of the fixture in the 27th minute for a sliding challenge on Casemiro that the referee saw as a foul, although it wasn’t. In the 36th minute, Toni Kroos hit the cross bar with a thumping long-range effort. Juventus was trying to create something. However, it lacked ideas in the midfield, it lacked a creator. Khedira was doing his best, but one player isn’t enough. Real was simply too dangerous on the counter-attack for Juventus to completely open up. In the 45th minute Dybala was booked for diving. The Champions League holders had the lead at half-time.Marcelo doesn’t think Madrid needs more players Manuel R. Medina – August 20, 2019 According to Real Madrid defender Marcelo, the team doesn’t need more footballer as the transfer window is set to close really soon.It was somewhat surprising to see that Allegri didn’t make any lineup changes at the half. In the 50th minute, Ronaldo took a shot from a tight angle and almost found the corner of the goal at the far post. Five minutes later, the referee Cakir showed Ramos a yellow card that will see him miss the second leg. Dybala took the ensuing free kick, which deflected off the wall and almost ended up in Madrid’s net. Zidane pulled the trigger first, replacing Benzema with Lucas Vasquez. There were too many fouls being made. They sliced the game up and didn’t allow for any momentum to be built. The experiment with Asamoah as the left back and Alex Sandro as the left winger wasn’t working for Juventus.What a sensational goal we saw in the 64th minute!!! Chiellini made a mess of an easy situation at the back by stealing the ball away from Buffon. Ronaldo took it and passed it on to a free Vasquez who took a shot which was saved by Buffon. The ball ended up with Carvajal, who crossed the ball in the center of the box hoping someone will use it. Ronaldo set himself up quickly and fired an amazing bicycle kick. Buffon was powerless. An absolutely brilliant moment of pure magic. Even Juventus’ fans gave one of the best footballers in history a standing ovation. Dybala high-kicked Carvajal just a minute after the goal, earning his second yellow card. The game was firmly in Madrid’s hands.In the 72nd minute, Marcelo made a great forward run. After a one-two pass with Ronaldo, he was face-to-face with Buffon, managed to push the ball past him and scored in the empty net. The difference in class between the teams was becoming more obvious by the minute. Allegri used all of his substitutions, but Juventus was just trying to prevent further embarrassment. Barzagli almost gifted Ronaldo a hat-trick in the 85th minute. Two minutes after that, Mateo Kovacic, who came in place of Modric, hit the cross bar, Real Madrid’s second of the match.Waiting for the sound of the final whistle was torture for the home team. Buffon saved Ronaldo’s 90th minute hat-trick attempt. In the 92nd minute, Ronaldo was all alone in the box. Lucas Vasquez found him, but the ball was just a bit behind, enough for Portugal’s captain to misshit it. Juve was close to a consolation goal in the 93rd minute, but Cuadrado missed. That was it. Everyone should be scared of Los Galacticos at the moment. In the form they’re currently in, it’ll take a Herculean effort to beat them.last_img read more

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Ronaldinho tips Pogba for Ballon dOr

first_imgBrazil legend Ronaldinho has tipped his “friend” Paul Pogba to win the Ballon d’Or, as long as he listens to Jose MourinhoOver the past decade the award has been exclusively won by either Cristiano Ronaldo or Lionel Messi with the last winner being Ronaldinho’s compatriot Kaka in 2007.But the former Barcelona star, who won the award himself in 2006, believes that Pogba has the potential to end Ronaldo and Messi’s dominance.“He can win the Ballon d’Or, without a doubt,” said Ronaldinho, according to Goal.“I see Pogba as a friend, I don’t see myself as his idol.“He is young, talented and he has the ability to play anywhere, he can play in a free role, defensive, as a runner or attacking.harry maguire, manchester UnitedMaguire says United need to build on today’s win George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Harry Maguire wants his United teammates to build on the victory over Leicester City.During the summer, Harry Maguire was referred to as the ultimate…“He has the characteristics of a player who can fill any position, he can make history.”Recently Pogba has struggled under Mourinho at Manchester United and has been dropped to the bench in recent matches due to his continued inconsistent displays at Old Trafford.But Ronaldinho, who himself had a spell on the bench at former club Paris Saint-Germain, believes that his friend must respect his coach and is certain that Mourinho can extract the potential within Pogba.“He knows the substitutes’ bench, like me at Paris Saint-Germain with [former coach Luis] Fernandez. It is not the same, when Mourinho tells you that you’re on the bench you have to respect that, the other guy, a little less,” said the 38 year-old.“I think Paul really has a lot to learn from Mourinho, who is one of the best coaches in the world. A coach who has won so many titles should be respected. In my case, it was the opposite.”The former midfielder refused to speculate on Pogba’s future. : “He is already in a big club and he has everything needed to make history, whether it is this club or another he has to be where he feels happiest.”last_img read more

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Surprise offer for Benzema

first_imgReal Madrid’s Karim Benzema is being reportedly lined-up for a shock bid from Paris Saint-Germain, reports Diario GolThe French forward had his most disappointing campaign at the Santiago Bernabeu last season since his arrival after only finding the back of the net 11 times in his 45 appearances, despite having scored three goals in Real’s last two matches in the Champions League.But, despite his struggles in front of goal, Benzema always remained as Zinedine Zidane’s main centre-forward.However, since Zidane’s shock exit last month, Benzema appears to have run out of key allies in the locker room with the board having reportedly lost confidence in the Frenchman some time ago.Sergio Ramos, Real MadridZidane reveals Sergio Ramos injury concern for Real Madrid Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Zinedine Zidane has put Sergio Ramos’ availability for Real Madrid’s trip to Sevilla next weekend in doubt after withdrawing him against Levante.The 30-year-old now appears set to leave the European champions in the summer transfer window with Real reportedly asking for a transfer fee in the region of €80m.But while many rival clubs are understood to be unwilling to pay for such a high fee, PSG have emerged as a surprise destination for the struggling Benzema with new coach Thomas Tuchel believed to be a big admirer.The German coach feels that Benzema’s seniority and experience in the Champions League will prove to be invaluable for PSG as they finally aim to win in Europe.PSG released manager Unai Emery this summer after the Spaniard failed to lead the club to Champions glory in his two years in charge, despite having won a domestic treble last season.last_img read more

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