Your Bacteria Ancestors

first_imgDr. Peter Antonelli thinks he has mathematically proven that all multicellular organisms, including plants and animals and human beings, came from two ancient bacteria that met and formed a stable, consistent relationship.  His boast is explained on a University of Alberta press release.  He thinks most biologists don’t comprehend his mathematical models yet, but EurekAlert thinks it all adds up.  Next, Antonelli is working on a unified mathematical model of ecological evolution.Antonelli seems to be a member of the Margulis sect of the Darwin Party.  The Woese sect will probably respond with their champion.  Numbers will crunch, but will the truth come out?  Don’t count on it.  Math could also distinguish which of any two mythologies are more likely.  We have a mathematical model that trumps all evolutionary myths with a sober reality check: click here.(Visited 8 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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A Better Way to Encourage Efficient New Homes

first_imgDavid Goldstein is co-director of the energy program at the NRDC. This post originally appeared at the NRDC Blog. We hope to find out soonThe Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE) — an organization of North American utilities and other efficiency program administrators that supports their members’ work to advance energy efficiency by developing common specifications for efficiency — adopted a specification for efficiency in new homes on January 16, 2018.This spec is based on the Energy Rating Index (ERI), a generic form of the HERS Index. The ERI provides a consistent signal to home builders about the level(s) of higher efficiency that utilities want. It also allows tangential market actors, such as lenders and appraisers, to compare homes’ overall energy performance against each other.Manufacturers are more inclined to make higher efficiency products when they know in advance that utilities throughout the North American market will all be promoting the same level of efficiency. By providing a binational market signal, CEE members can cause manufacturers to offer products at higher levels of efficiency than they could justify otherwise. This dynamic applies to new homes, too: last year just 19 companies built 35% of all single-family homes in America.Housing accounts for one fifth of climate-change-causing emissions, and residential energy accounts for about 4% of household expenditures (almost $2,500 a year, or $75,000 over the life of a mortgage). The CEE specification offers participating utilities the choice of incentivizing one or several levels of efficiency. The mid-range level represents a reduction in energy use of about 40% compared to the energy use of a typical new home that barely meets the state energy code. It could easily save the consumer $500 to $1,000 in annual utility bills.HERS ratings lead to competition between builders for who can build to the lowest score; however this competition is still restrained by the fact that increased energy efficiency often costs more, and the lending system does not yet recognize the value in determining whether a family qualifies for a mortgage. Utilities frequently address this barrier by offering the builder or buyer a cash incentive for efficiency that compensates for the cost increase. (This approach was also used extremely effectively in federal tax incentives for energy-efficient home construction that were in effect from 2005 to 2012.)By setting a specification that includes several very ambitious tiers of HERS/ERI scores, as well as more modest options that can work in areas where efficiency is a new idea, CEE is leading the way in harnessing market forces to work in coordination with energy codes to promote continual improvement in home energy efficiency. The cornerstone of these methods is the HERS Index, a home energy inspection and rating method developed by RESNET, a nonprofit standard-setting organization that NRDC has supported since its inception. Markets in energy efficiency can only work if buyers and sellers have the information needed to evaluate energy efficiency in dollars. Long-term transformation of efficient construction practices relies on allowing stakeholders across the new construction industry to compete for overall home performance, not just incremental improvements in individual technologies.The HERS Index is similar to a miles-per-gallon sticker on a car: it projects energy use compared to a baseline. The baseline score of 100 is based on a house that barely meets the 2006 energy code, while a score of 0 means zero energy use, on net.More than 20% of new homes were rated in 2017, with an average score of 62, which is impressive considering that few entities provide incentives for such ratings. A score of 62 is some 15% better than the requirements of the most advanced model energy code in America. How much better could we do with financial incentives for the lowest scores? RELATED ARTICLES center_img How Is a Home’s HERS Index Calculated?More Than You Ever Wanted to Know About the HERS IndexStates are Amending, then Adopting, the 2015 IECC Why Is the HERS Reference Home Based on an Outdated Energy Code? Study Finds Huge Variation in California HERS Rating ResultsDrainwater Heat Recovery Can Lower Your HERS Score Building a more energy-efficient home can employ many different approaches. The builder can use more insulation and better windows, install ductless heating and cooling systems, orient the house to collect sunshine through the windows in winter and shade them in summer, seal leaks in the walls and ceilings, and assure healthy indoor air 24/7 by providing reliable mechanical ventilation with energy recovery. They can use cool roofs. The list goes on…Traditional building energy codes and efficiency incentives have focused on promoting one or several of these technologies in an inflexible package, requiring specified amounts of insulation in the floor, walls, and roofs, specified heating and cooling efficiency, and a specified maximum air leakage rate. This prescriptive approach succeeds at improving efficiency at low cost, but does not give credit for energy savings from comprehensive or holistic design strategies. Furthermore, the specific measures promoted within codes and incentive programs change over time, causing uncertainty in the industry.Builders therefore tend to resist the prescriptive approach because it reduces their flexibility and is more expensive than it needs to be for any given energy efficiency target.For example, perhaps one of the specified criteria is very expensive to meet for a particular house while another technology that might cost much less could save even more energy.The Natural Resources Defense Council has been working with builders and building efficiency suppliers, as well as with nonprofit efficiency advocates, to introduce the combination of more ambitious energy goals and more flexible ways of meeting them into building energy codes and other market-based programs.last_img read more

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Consistently Consistent

first_imgWhatever your business strategy, it should be pursued consistently.If you have the lowest price because that is the value you intend to create, that should be how you compete. You confuse your customers and your employees when you sometimes try to capture more value. You don’t expect to pay more sometimes, and other times, pay less.If your strategy is to have the very best product, releasing and selling an inferior one damages your strategy. By releasing something that isn’t up to the standard you set, you lose the loyalty and the willingness to pay for something that is supposed to be of a higher quality, one worthy of a higher price.If your strategy is the best total solution, you don’t have to have the best price or the best product. Instead, you have to consistently deliver greater value through a combination of things designed to deliver greater value than competitive offerings. To execute this strategy you need to consistently create new solutions that match your client’s needs. When you stop collaborating and caring enough to do this work, you have broken your strategy.There are companies in every vertical that compete using each of these three strategies. It’s their consistency, however, that defines them in their space. You have to be consistently consistent in the execution of your strategy when it comes to differentiation, and when it comes to pricing.If you choose to compete by providing the lowest price and eliminating other value you might create, execute that strategy consistently and roll up all the targets who need that value. If you choose to create the best product money can buy, then refine your work and improve it, leaving no doubt that your product is better than any alternative. If you compete on the best overall solution, consistently execute that strategy, which means that you price according to the value you create, not what your competitor’s charge. Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Nowlast_img read more

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OBAMA VISIT: One-on-one meet precedes dinner

first_imgUS President Barack Obama greets Congress chief Sonia Gandhi at Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s (right) dinner on Sunday.A day before the elaborate banquet by President Pratibha Patil, on the lawns of Rashtrapati Bhavan, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh hosted a lavish dinner for US President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle at his 7, Race Course residence. Attended by as many as 80 guests – they included India’s who’s who – the dinner was preceded by a 40-minute one-on-one meeting between Singh and Obama.They reportedly discussed key bilateral issues, including economic cooperation, outsourcing, terror and the Af-Pak situation. The exercise was aimed at ironing out differences before the restricted and delegation-level talks at the Hyderabad House here on Monday.The Obamas drove down to the Prime Minister’s residence from ITC Maurya where they are staying. They were welcomed by Singh and his wife Gursharan Kaur. On their arrival, the Obamas were welcomed by a band of Indian Navy and 30 camelmounted BSF personnel playing bugles and trumpets. The tunes played included Mahatma Gandhi’s favourite bhajan Vaishnav jan to and all-time Bollywood hit O meri zohra jabeen, tujhe maloom nahin.Though earlier expected to be a ‘private dinner’ for a select group, the guest list at Sunday’s do included key personalities from the area of politics, business, sports and cinema.The high-powered group included Congress president Sonia Gandhi – she was dressed in a dark blue silk sari – finance minister Pranab Mukherjee, home minister P. Chidambaram, defence minister A.K. Antony, foreign minister S.M. Krishna, agriculture minister Sharad Pawar, commerce minister Anand Sharma, HRD minister Kapil Sibal MoS in PMO Prithviraj Chauhan, Jammu and Kashmir chief minister Omar Abdullah, Congress general secretary Rahul Gandhi, Planning Commission deputy chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia, national security adviser Shiv Shankar Menon, foreign secretary Nirupama Rao, Indian Envoy to US Meera Shankar, Jamia Milia University vice-chancellor Najeeb Jung and Sam Pitroda, advisor to the Prime Minister on public information infrastructure and innovations.advertisementBJP leaders L.K. Advani and Arun Jaitley were also present on the occasion. Business honchos gracing the event included Azim Premji, Ratan Tata, Swati Piramal and N.R. Narayanamurthy. Bollywood personalities Aamir Khan, Shabana Azmi and Javed Akthar added more glamour to the occasion. Chess wizard Viswanathan Anand and environment activist Sunita Narain were also among the guests.FINE DININGIt was Awadhi platter for the Obamas at the private dinner hosted by the PM. Following are some of the items that were served:SOUPS: Shorba & mulligatawnyMAIN COURSE: Fish, lamb with green chillies, kakori kabab, mughlai chicken, gobi, dal dampukht, rice pulao, variety of Indian breadsDESSERT: Kesar phirni, mava potilast_img read more

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IPL 2011: Deccan Chargers vs Kings XI Punjab- KXIP win by 8 wkts

first_imgPunjab all-rounder Paul Valthaty claimed four wickets and scored a fine 75 as Punjab beat Hyderabad by eight wickets in their IPL match at the Rajiv Gandhi International Stadium in Uppal, Hyderabad, on Saturday. Score | PhotosA 166-run target wasn’t a tough one for Punjab considering the fine form their openers Adam Gilchrist and Paul Valthaty have been in this edition of the IPL. The two went on charge from the word go and walloped the opposition bowlers. In fact their required run rate was under control from the begenning as the two were scoring more than 10 runs an over to start with.The hosts tried hard to break their stand but failed as the two openers batted on and within minutes Punjab has crossed the 100-run mark. At last there was some cheer amongst the Hyderabad players when leggi Amit Mishra break their stand.On the last ball of the 14th over, Gilchrist played a pull shot off Mishra that was pouched by D Ravi Taje in the deep. He fell for 61, but not before doing the damage. Gilchrist and Valthaty had put 136 runs for the first wicket.With the Punjab captain back in the dugout, Valthaty too walked back a few minutes later with a fine 75 against his name. And this time too is was Mishra who took the wicket. Valthaty went for a big hit but failed to clear Ishant Sharma at long on. His quick-fire 75 that came of just 47 balls was decorated with 8 fours and five over the fence shots.advertisementFinally, Abhishek Nayar and Dinesh Dinesh Karthik scored the home run for their team in the 18th over.Hyderabad innings Earlier, Punjab all-rounder Paul Valthaty finished with fine figures of 4-0-29-4 to restrict Hyderabad to 165/8.Punjab skipper Adam Gilchrist won the toss and elected to bowl and got the result of his decision early with opener Sunny Sohal falling to Ryan Harris in the first over when the score was 13.However post that wicket, Hyderabad captain Kumar Sangakkara and Shikhar Dhawan got on with a partnership putting on 75 runs for th second wicket before the former fell to Piyush Chawal’s turn in the 11th over. After his dismissal Dhawan too lost his rhythm and played a sweep shot to Sunny Singh at short fine leg off Paul Valthaty. Dhawan fell on 46 and Hyderabad fell to 92/3 in the 12th over.Valthaty came around to scalps Bharat Chipli to reduce the hosts to 112/4 in the 15th over. A straight one from Valthaty was played down the long on by Chipli, where Shaun Marsh took a clean catch to dismiss him on 14.JP Duminy, who was still at the crease and was looking dangerous went was an aerial shot, but mistimed it and the ball after taking a long loop fell in the safe hands of the bowler Ryan McLaren on 18. Hyderabad fell to 129/5. Two balls later, Marsh clean bowled Manpreet Gony on a duck and Hyderabad were 137/6 17.3 overs.In the last game, Valthaty had impressed everyone with his batting performance. Today, he was impressive with the ball. In the 19th over he claimed Daniel Christian and Amit Mishra on consecutive balls to complete his four-wicket haul. Hyderabad managed to score 165/8 in 20 overs.last_img read more

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